By Jim Nitz
Sylvia “Ronie” Wronski pitched for her hometown Milwaukee Chicks, a team that was a tremendous success on the diamond but a disappointment at the gate. The Chicks won the 1944 All-American Girls Professional Ball League (AAGPBL—now recognized as the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League.) championship in Milwaukee’s only year in the league with Wronski serving as the solid number four starter on the team. The righthander not only contributed to the Chicks’ title run but also pitched in many significant games throughout the season.
Born in Milwaukee on December 2, 1924, Wronski grew up as one of seven children at 2867 North Hubbard Street in the Riverwest, north-side neighborhood. Her father, John, worked as a machinist, while her mother, Anna, was a busy stay-at-home mom. Wronski attended grade school at St. Casimir and high school at Milwaukee Riverside. She learned to play ball with her three older brothers and in city playground programs before going on to play in local softball leagues. On April 29 and 30, 1944, Wronski tried out for the AAGPBL at Borchert Field on North Eighth and West Chambers Streets, the home of the Chicks and the American Association Brewers. The righthander impressed as she was one of only five ballplayers, out of 68, to be offered contracts and sent to Peru, Illinois, for AAGPBL training camp. Considered a “promising rookie” by the Milwaukee Journal, Wronski was “farmed out” to the strong suburban Milwaukee leagues located in West Allis for “further seasoning.” Wronski was later called up to the Chicks and, on June 30, 1944, made her AAGPBL debut, pitching a scoreless final inning at Borchert Field in an 8–2, nine-inning loss to the Racine Belles. She had joined then-injured third baseman Vivian Sheriffs Anderson as one of only two Milwaukee natives to ever play for their hometown Chicks.
Wronski was not the Chicks' mound ace as future Hall of Fame manager, Max Carey, had stars Connie "Iron woman" Wisniewski, Jo Kabick, and Viola "Tommy" thompson in a formidable underhand fastpitch rotation that led this team to a 70-45 record. However, the 5-foot-2 1/4, 142 pounder did fashion a sound 1944 record of 4-2 with a 3.06 ERA over 13 games (four complete) and 53 innings pitched using a softball. Notably, Wronski did achieve something done by no other Milwaukee pitcher. She came within one out of a no-hitter on July 9, settling for a quick one-hour, five minute one hitter after Racine Belle, Edie Perlick, hit a two-out, seventh-inning single. Wronski was the 4-1 victor (Racine's lone run came on two errors and a sacrifice fly) and scored her only run of the year in this shortened first game of a doubleheader. The very next day, the durable Wronski threw a nine-inning, complete-game seven-hitter, and beat the Belles again, 8–2, even though she had a tough day in the field, committing three errors. Eight days later, the hurler traveled to Chicago where she was the starting Chicks’ pitcher in front of 16,000 fans at Wrigley Field. The exhibition game, played as a free event for service personnel, Red Cross volunteers, and blood donors, was no pitchers’ duel, but Wronski recalled it as especially memorable. Milwaukee beat up on the South Bend Blue Sox, 20–11, in a game played with portable lights, long before Wrigley Field possessed permanent lights.
The Chicks, often called the Schnitts (German slang for small beers, hence “little Brewers”), typically drew only 200 to 300 fans at Borchert Field. Several reasons led to this low attendance. First, the Chicks competed with the American Association pennant-winning Brewers (owned by Bill Veeck and managed by Charlie Grimm and Casey Stengel), who often played before capacity crowds of 13,500. The Brewers retained the prime home dates and played as many night games as possible, leaving the women with a less desirable daytime schedule. Second, local press coverage was minimal, and Milwaukee fans, many of whom considered the Chicks’ 95-cent grandstand ticket price too high, never embraced the team as did their counterparts in smaller AAGPBL cities with lower-priced admission such as Kenosha and Racine. Finally, the absence of local ownership (chewing gum mogul Philip Wrigley owned 100% of the Chicks unlike his shared ownership with local proprietors in the other cities) meant that no one in Milwaukee had a vested interest in promoting the Chicks and making them an integral component of the community.
In the second half of the campaign, the AAGPBL made an attempt to salvage the “big-city experiment” by undertaking a unique ballpark promotion. Wrigley hired the Milwaukee Sinfonietta to perform before many Chicks’ contests. Even several shifts in musical style did not generate sufficient interest from Milwaukee fans. As Wronski recalled, “I thought it was crazy. It was the same attendance, the same people.”
On Sunday, September 3, 1944, Wronski had the distinction of pitching in the last Chicks’ Borchert Field home game. The Milwaukee native threw a nine-inning, complete game six-hitter for a 4–2 win over the Kenosha Comets.
In the AAGPBL championship series against the Comets, Carey never used Wronski or Clara Cook, who was the fifth pitcher acquired from Kenosha during the regular season. Instead, Carey chose to primarily pitch Wisniewski and Kabick to secure the league title. The 5-foot-8 Wisniewski won all four games of the championship series with 46 innings pitched and finished tied for second in the AAGPBL regular season with 23 victories and nine shutouts. Kabick, the 5-foot-7½” league leader with 26 wins and 43 games started, and the left-handed Thompson pitched the balance of the innings. As the Kenosha Evening News put it, “Viola Thompson, Sylvia Wronski, and Clara Cook are fortifications on the Chick staff.” Remarkably, the Chicks won the series even though all seven games were played in Kenosha because the Brewers had occupied Borchert Field for their American Association play-offs.
Wronski’s pro career ended almost as abruptly as the team’s stay in Milwaukee. Due to their low attendance figures, the Chicks lost money and moved to Grand Rapids, Michigan in 1945. Wronski played in only four games in 1945 before being released during the season. Wisniewski, Kabick, and Thompson pitched most of the Chicks innings under new manager Benny Meyer, leaving little work for Wronski. “Then I had a chance in 1946 to play for a Chicago semi-pro team,” she remembered, “but my fiancé (Ed Straka) said if I played in Chicago, he would go to school in Connecticut.” She retired from professional ball and he did not head east. Her career statistics included four wins and two losses in 17 games pitched. The right-handed hitting Wronski batted only 22 times with one hit.
After getting married at St. Casimir in 1947, Wronski took on the last name of Straka and had two daughters and one son. Ed died of lung cancer at age 29, only months after suffering serious injuries in a car accident. This left Sylvia to raise her three children alone. As a single mother in the 1950s, she became a waitress and bowling alley cleaner in order to be home when her children were. Wronski later worked as a factory machine operator (eight years at Cutler Hammer and 21 years at Briggs and Stratton), often juggling three jobs at once. Eventually, she became a proud grandmother of six and great-grandmother of five.
Like so many AAGPBL ball players, Wronski stayed physically fit later in life. She bowled in two leagues, walked daily, and participated in water aerobics. In addition, she visited local Little League games and played catch with young ballplayers thrilled to learn from a Milwaukee Chick. Wronski never left her hometown and continued to own her own home until her death in 1997.
According to her daughter, Christine Wiemann, Wronski shared thoughts about her time in the league only when asked. Wronski was a quiet woman by nature but did have opinions about many aspects of her AAGPBL years, including her manager, former Pittsburgh Pirate and Brooklyn Dodger, Max Carey. When asked about the 1992 motion picture, A League of Their Own, Wronski declared, “No coach ever, ever walked into the ladies’ locker room. And the press never came into the locker room, either. The players were interviewed outside.”
“The other thing I disliked was the portrayal of the manager. I have no clue who Tom Hanks was supposed to be like, but it sure wasn’t Carey. Max was nothing but a gentleman at all times. He was square,” affirmed Wronski, using a 1940s term for a good person. Wronski was also not keen on the AAGPBL charm school and the short dresses the ballplayers wore for their uniforms. The Chicks wore one-piece gray dresses with red trim and belts. Knee-length black socks and spikes were standard issue and each Chick wore a small black cap with a large red bill and a black M inside a yellow circle. As Christine stated, “My mother wore a dress for church, weddings, and funerals. She wore blue jeans the rest of the time. She said the lessons didn’t stick.” Wronski was impressed with the food and travel afforded her as a professional ballplayer. Growing up in a large household with a modest income, she never had steak other than Salisbury. As Wronski explained, “The first time I ordered steak, I didn’t know what I was eating.” She also loved to ride the train to AAGPBL cities.
Wronski was pleased that the league was honored with a permanent display in the National Baseball Hall of Fame in 1988. “I was the tomboy who made good,” proclaimed Wronski, whose childhood home was only nine blocks from Borchert Field. “Whoever would have guessed that a grubby kid from Hubbard Street would end up at Cooperstown?”
On November 28, 1997, Wronski died of congestive lung failure. She is buried at Holy Cross Cemetery, located on Milwaukee’s northwest side. Several years before her death, Wronski shared these thoughts about her time as a ballplayer:
“Playing ball anytime, pro or amateur, was the most happy times – with the league, the added traveling made it more so. I loved playing ball. Even at Wrigley Field, nothing else ran through my head but playing the game. Baseball was my only passion until I got married.”
Wronski was proud that she played on Milwaukee’s first professional world championship team. As Max Carey proclaimed in recognizing the 1944 champions of the All-American Girls Professional Ball League, “Right here in this room is the greatest girls’ ball club in the world.” Sylvia Wronski was an integral part of that team.
"1944 Milwaukee Chicks." All-American Girls Professional Baseball League. All-American Girls Professional Baseball League Players Association, Inc., 2005. August 22, 2009. <http://www.aagpbl.org/teams.cfm?ID=7>.
AAGPBL Baseball Card, #226–Sylvia Wronski, Larry Fritsch Cards, Stevens Point, Wisconsin.
Cole, Jeff. "Straka, then Wronski Pitched in Women's League." Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, December 1, 1997, p. 6B.
Fidler, Merrie A. Origins and History of the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League. Jefferson, N.C: McFarland & Co., 2005.
Keenan, Marie. “All-American Girls Professional Ball League.” Major League Baseball: Facts, Figures and Official Rules. Racine, WI: Whitman, 1945, pp.
Kenosha Evening News, September 5 and 8, 1944.
Milwaukee Journal, May 1 and 7, July 1 and 10, August 31, and September 4, 1944.
Milwaukee Sentinel, July 1 and 10, and September 4, 1944.
Morgan, Thomas and James Nitz. “Our Forgotten World Champions: The 1944 Milwaukee Chicks.” Milwaukee History: The Magazine of the Milwaukee County Historical Society, Summer 1995, pp. 30-45.
Morgan, Tom and Jim Nitz. “A Team of Their Own.” Milwaukee Magazine, July 1994, pp. 10-11.
Morgan, Tom and Jim Nitz. “When the Chicks were Champs, but Not Many Fans Cared.” Milwaukee Journal, July 31, 1994, p. 3.
"Oral History Interview of Sylvia Wronski Straka." Interview by Lisa Hutchinson. University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee Graduate Public History Class Project: The Forgotten Champs-The Milwaukee Chicks of 1944. March 20, 1995.
Racine Journal Times, July 1, 10 and 11, September 5, 1944, and July 13, 1945.
Straka, Sylvia obituary. Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, November 30, 1997, p. 7B.
Straka, Sylvia G. "Information Sheet for Archives." Letter to the Northern Indiana Historical Society. 1991.
Wiemann, Christine. Telephone interview. August 30, 2009, and January 3, 2010.
Wronski, Marie. Telephone interview. January 3, 2010.
Wronski Straka, Sylvia. Personal interviews. May 25, 1994, April 18, 1996, and November 3, 1997.
Author: Jim Nitz
Contributed By: Jim Nitz
Copyright: Jim Nitz 2010
Sylvia Wronski Straka was a pitcher who played for parts of two seasons in the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League. Listed at 5 ft 2 in (1.57 m), 140 lb., she batted and threw right-handed. A member of the 1944 Milwaukee Chicks champion team, Sylvia Wronski played a solid role for them during her brief stint in the league. She was the dream of any manager, being a long reliever one day, volunteering to make an emergency start the next, or saving a game out the day after that.
Born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, Sylvia was one of seven children into the family of John and Anna Wronski. She was reared in a working-class family marked by hard work for a modest income. Her father labored as a machinist, while her mother was a devoted homemaker. At an early age, Sylvia accustomed to play football with her three older brothers, taking the arms, legs and heads off her dolls, in order to use the body as a kickball. She attended grade school at St. Casimir and high school at Milwaukee Riverside, where she finally started playing organized softball for the school team before going on to play in local leagues.
In May 1944, Wronski attended an AAGPBL tryout held at Borchert Field in Milwaukee. She then went to the spring training in Peru, Illinois, and was chosen to pitch on her hometown team. After that, she was sent to the West Allis league for extended training and debuted with the Chicks in late June. Wronski joined Vivian Anderson on the team, making them the only two Milwaukee natives to play for their hometown Chicks.
The Milwaukee team, managed by experimented Max Carey, had a strong pitching rotation headed by Josephine Kabick, Viola Thompson, and Connie Wisniewski. Together, the trio would combine to collect 64 of the 70 victories of the team in the regular season. Wronski and Clara Cook pitched occasionally and both did a good job coming out of the bullpen.
Wronski made her AAGPBL debut, pitching a scoreless final inning during an 8–2 loss to the Racine Belles at Borchert Field. ?Ronie?, as her teammates nicknamed her, finished with a 4–2 record and a 3.06 earned run average in 13 pitching appearances, including four complete games and 53 innings of work.
Though not a regular starter, during the midseason Wronski came within one out of hurling a no-hitter against the Racine Belles, during a shortened seven-inning first game of a doubleheader. After retiring the first two Belles hitters in their last at-bat she allowed a single to Edythe Perlick, who eventually scored an unearned run following two fielding errors. The final score was 4–1, while she was credited with the victory. Amazingly, the durable Wronski started the next day and beat the Belles again, 8–2, allowing seven hits in a nine-inning, complete game.
Milwaukee won the pennant and defeated the Kenosha Comets in the championship series. Although the Chicks won the champion title, they had no local financial backing and could not compete with the American Association Milwaukee Brewers. In fact, the Chicks were forced to play all seven games of the series at Kenosha’s Lake Front Stadium, because the Brewers were using Borchert Field for their league playoffs. In addition, the high ticket prices charged for AAGPBL games failed to encourage significant fan support. Due to lack of community support and skepticism of journalists, the team moved to Grand Rapids, Michigan prior to the 1945 season and was renamed the Grand Rapids Chicks.
Wronski accompanied the Chicks in Grand Rapids. She pitched in only four games and did not have a decision before being released during the season. She has the distinction of having pitched in the last Chicks game played at Borchert Field, on September 3, 1944. She threw a nine-inning, complete game six-hitter for a 4–2 win against Kenosha.
Sylvia married Edward Straka in 1947. The couple fostered three children – Donald, Christine and Theresa –, before Edward died of cancer in 1954 at age 29. She then had to raise her children alone while working in different jobs. As a single mother in the 1950's, she became a waitress and bowling alley cleaner in order to be home when her children were. She later worked as a factory machine operator at Cutler-Hammer (eight years) and Briggs & Stratton (21 years), often juggling three jobs at once.
After retiring in 1990, she stayed physically fit later in life, bowling in two leagues, walking daily, and participating in water aerobics. In addition, she visited local Little League Baseball games and played catch with young ballplayers. Besides this, she stayed in her hometown and watched over her six grandchildren and five great-grandchildren.
She is part of Women in Baseball, a permanent display based at the Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum in Cooperstown, New York, which was unveiled in 1988 to honor the entire All-American Girls Professional Baseball League. I was the tomboy who made good, as she described herself in an interview. Sylvia, whose childhood home was only nine blocks from Borchert Field, added that Whoever would have guessed that a grubby kid from Hubbard Street would end up at Cooperstown?
Sylvia Wronski Straka died of a respiratory failure in 1997, four days short of her 73rd birthday. She is buried at Holy Cross Cemetery in Milwaukee.
Contributed By: Helen Nordquist